Cambridge Healthtech Institute’s 3rd Annual
Rapid Methods to Assess Quality & Stability of Biologics:
Improving Prediction and Screening
August 3-4, 2015
Part of CHI's 7th Annual The Bioprocessing Summit
August 3-7, 2015 | Westin Copley Place Hotel | Boston, Massachusetts
Assurance of quality and stability of biologic formulations over the course of intended usage is critical in developing safe and efficacious biopharmaceutical products. Increasing regulatory expectations and aggressive development timelines calls for
the need of rapid methodologies to predict and assess the quality and stability of biologics. The third annual Rapid Methods to Assess Quality & Stability of Biologics conference will bring together experts in analytical and formulation development
to discuss regulatory expectations, prediction and manipulation for protein stability and instabilities cause by particles and impurities. We invite you to attend to learn from and network with the leading experts from around the world.
Monday, August 3
8:00 am Pre-Conference Registration and Morning Coffee
9:00-11:30 Recommended Short Course
Biophysical Characterization in Assessing the Higher Order Structure (HOS) Fingerprint of Biopharmaceuticals
11:30 Main Conference Registration
1:00 pm Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Jianmei Kochling, Ph.D., Director, Quality Science and Analytical Technology, Genzyme - a Sanofi Company
1:10 KEYNOTE PRESENTATION: Introducing Emerging Technologies into the QC Laboratory
Bigwarfe, Ph.D., Director, Analytical Sciences, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Introducing new and emerging technologies to the QC laboratory presents its own set of challenges. Regulatory hurdles and training are only a few of them. This presentation will address how to overcome these challenges and present case studies
on where it has worked and not worked well.
1:45 Emerging Technology for Biologics Stability Testing
Jianmei Kochling, Ph.D., Director, Quality Science and Analytical Technology, Genzyme -
a Sanofi Company
Biologics are monitored for purity, potency, and biological activity in stability. The use of appropriate stability-indicating physicochemical, biochemical, and immunochemical analytical methodologies permits a comprehensive characterization and monitoring
the quality of the drug substance and/or drug product. The effort of introducing advanced technologies to the QC labs has positively impacted the industry, leading to improved throughput, accuracy, precision, and sensitivity, as well as reduced
labor and cost. Talk will discuss some recent changes in the QC world.
2:15 A Unique High Throughput Assay for Determination of the Potency and Stability of Biologics
Tovey, Ph.D., INSERM Director of Research, Laboratory of Biotechnology and Applied Pharmacology, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, France
Biologic activity is essential for the assessment of potency and stability of biologics and successful development of biologics depends upon establishment of validated and standardized assays that allow direct comparisons of the relative potency and
stability between batches. A validated standardized high throughput assay platform using engineered reporter-genes allows direct comparison of drug potency and stability within two hours for structurally diverse TNF-α antagonists or closely
related novel forms of human insulin and FGF-21.
2:45 Refreshment Break
3:15 Challenges to Implementing High Throughput Methods in a QC Environment
Michelle Joubert, Staff Scientist I, Analytical Development, Genzyme a Sanofi Company
Capillary electrophoresis using Beckman Coulter’s PA 800 and the Caliper Labchip® GXII instruments are two platforms used to evaluate the purity of biologics. These platforms have a higher throughput than SDS-PAGE, as well as the ability
to return quantitative results. Analytical methods using these technologies have been established for the analysis of products in early stages of development. Challenges and opportunities of implementing these methods in a QC environment will
3:45 Analytical Testing Strategy for Admixture Testing of Therapeutics
Shenjiang Yu, Ph.D., Associate Principal Scientist, Sterile Product and Method Development, MRL, Merck
Co. & Inc.
A pharmaceutical admixture consists of a drug product mixed with a suitable diluent in a intended dosing/delivery device for the purpose of parenteral infusion to the patient. Regulatory agencies have specific requirements for the demonstration of
the compatibility of the drug product with reconstitution diluents, because many of the therapeutic proteins are dosed intravenously in the form of admixtures. Therefore, analytical strategies are presented to show the compatibility with dosing/delivery
device. A few case studies is discussed with the implementation of our analytical strategies.
4:15 Breakout Discussions
This session provides the opportunity to discuss a focused topic with peers from around the world in an open, collegial setting. Select from the list of topics available and join the moderated discussion to share ideas, gain insights, establish collaborations
or commiserate about persistent challenges. Then continue the discussion as you head into the lively exhibit hall for information about the latest technologies.
Topic 1: What are Current Control Strategies for Submicron and Subvisible Particles in Biologics?
Moderator: Nataliya Afonina, Ph.D, President and Principle Consultant, AN Biologics Consulting LLC
- How protein aggregation in 0.1 -10 µm particle range may impact CQA related to product quality and purity?
- What are regulatory expectations?
- How industry is handling and controlling subvisible and submicron particles?
Topic 2: Commercial Release Specification Setting
Moderator: Paul Bigwarfe, Ph.D., Director, Analytical Sciences, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
- Control strategies for various product forms/production stages
- What tests are necessary?
- Justification of acceptance criteria
Topic 3: High-Throughput and High Resolution Screening to Assess Physical and Chemical Instabilities in Protein
Moderator: Ranajoy Majumdar, Ph.D., Research Scientist, Biophysical Characterization, Biopharmaceutical Research and Development, Eli Lilly and Company
- What is the predictability correlation from in early development to late stage?
- Are there stability indicating techniques that correlate with shelf-life and in-use stability?
- Does the success of early phase stability prediction depend on product modality?
- How should an early stage stability screen look like to provide maximum knowledge for development?
Topic 4: Admixture Testing Strategy
Moderator: Shenjiang Yu, Ph.D., Associate Principal Scientist, Sterile Product and Method Development, MRL, Merck Co. & Inc.
- Clinical support and regulatory expectation
- Analytical tool box and strategy
- Special analytical development and investigation
5:30 Grand Opening Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
7:00 End of Day
Tuesday, August 4
7:30 am Registration and Morning Coffee
7:55 Chairperson’s Remarks
Joël Richard, Ph.D., Senior Vice President Peptides, Technical Operations, Ipsen
8:00 Strategy for Characterization and Control of Submicron and Subvisible Particles in Biologics
Afonina, Ph.D., President and Principle Consultant, AN Biologics Consulting LLC
Aggregation of proteins, including formation of submicron (0.2 -2 µm) and subvisible (2 -10 µm) particles, is one of the major concerns in biologics drug products related to their stability, purity, and quality and is defined as Critical
Quality Attribute. Finding the right risk-based approach and establishing the tractability between particle evaluation at formulation step and in final drug product is critical. New strategic approach for 0.2 -10 µm particle characterization
and control including regulatory requirements, evaluation of orthogonal methods, and establishing of morphological libraries for subvisible particles will be discussed.
8:30 Addressing the Gaps in Particle Measurements for Biotherapeutic Solutions
Reema Raghavendra, MS, MBA, Scientist II, Global Protein Sciences, AbbVie, Inc.
Non-native protein structures, which are increasing in use, have potentially altered propensities to self-associate. Concerns regarding the immunogenicity of protein aggregates motivate particle characterization in the sub-visible range (0.1-100
µm). Flow cytometry holds the promise of distinguishing between particle types for sizes down to less than 1 µm. Here, we present two methods of standardizing flow-cytometry diameter readings: the use of novel protein-like standards
of discrete sizes and commercial beads.
9:00 Stability Challenges for Protein Therapeutics: Anticipating Aggregation Phenomena at Early Development Stage
Richard, Ph.D., Senior Vice President Peptides, Technical Operations, Ipsen
The paradigm of protein formulation development has moved from a posteriori detection and control of aggregation to the anticipation/prediction of formulation, storage and processing conditions that will lead to aggregation in a QbD approach.
In order to anticipate potential aggregation issues, it is proposed to focus on the early steps of aggregation, which most of the time may involve higher order structure (HOS) alterations and loss of colloidal stability.
For the First Time, Simultaneous Detection of Protein Aggregation and Affinity Measurements in the Same Single SPR Experiment
Aaron Martin, Senior Principal
Scientist, SensíQ Technologies Inc
No technologies have been capable of delivering information on both drug affinity and protein aggregation simultaneously in the same experiment. SensiQ presents data from a collaboration with Genentech where this limitation is overcome by
simultaneously detecting protein aggregation and determining affinity in the same experiment using Pioneer FE SPR instrumentation.
9:45 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
10:30 Investigate Protein Aggregation in Process Change through Forced Degradation Studies
Yimin Hua, Scientist II, Quality Science and Analytical Technology, Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Aggregation is one of the main concerns of biotherapeutics when there is a process change. Detection and characterization of aggregation to identify the root cause will allow appropriate actions which will help to improve protein quality,
minimize protein aggregation during process and on storage. Proteins are subjected to different stress conditions to induce aggregation in the lab. Various analytical techniques will be used to characterize the forced degraded protein
samples. The results will further the understanding of leading factors that contribute to the aggregation of recombinant proteins.
11:00 Fast LC/MS Methods for Monitoring Sites of Modification in Development, PC/PV and Beyond
Amy Hilderbrand, Ph.D., Technical Development Scientist, Protein Analytical Chemistry,
Being able to monitor site specific modifications in biological molecules is important from a process, stability and quality perspective in development. This talk will focus on rapid relative quantitation using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
methods that are being evaluated and used to monitor sites that are vulnerable to modification.
11:30 High-Throughput Peptide Mapping to Support Early Prediction of Biologics Quality
Yan Wang, Ph.D., Scientist, Analytical Development, Biogen Idec
Peptide mapping is a sensitive and precise technique that is capable of detecting single amino acid changes and post-translational modifications (PTMs) in a single run. We have recently developed a novel high-throughput (HT) peptide mapping
workflow, which targets four bottle-neck problems and enables analyst to complete multiple sample comparison in a single day starting from cell harvest to final quantitative report. Our new HT peptide mapping workflow is transferrable
to assess quality of biologics in manufacturing, cell lines development and formulation development.
12:00 pm Poster Highlight Presentation: Determination of Multiple Product Attributes With a High-Throughput Automated Purification Assay
Jasmine Wang, M.S. Associate Scientist II, Analytical Biotechnology, MedImmune, Inc.
A high-throughput assay was developed and automated for the determination of multiple product attributes of monoclonal antibodies in conditioned medium. The samples containing monoclonal antibodies in conditioned media were purified using
Protein A affinity magnetic beads and analyzed for multiple quality attributes, including fragmentation, aggregation, oligosaccharides, charge isoform levels, oxidation, deamidation, and other chemical degradation. Results on protein recovery
and product quality attributes under various optimizing conditions will be presented. This high-through-put integrated platform allows rapid and efficient sample processing of up to 96 samples in three hours, and allows monitoring multiple
quality attributes of IgG1, IgG2, and IgG4 during upstream process development.
Luncheon Presentation: iCE3: A Powerful Analytical Tool for Protein Charge Heterogeneity Characterization
Jiaqi Wu, Ph.D., Principal Scientist, Biologics,
Traditional tools for quantitative protein charge characterization include IEC and conventional cIEF. However, these tools have limited application for analyzing complex therapeutic proteins. Whole column detection cIEF instrument, iCE3, does
not require mobilization of the focused bands. Its open capillary minimizes unspecific protein interactions with column. iCE3’s fast speed increases throughput and minimizes sample precipitation and aggregation during IEF. iCE3 is
the best tool for quantitative analysis of charge heterogeneity of complex proteins.
1:15 Session Break
1:55 Chairperson’s Remarks
2:00 A Novel Analytical Approach to Investigate the Effect of Methionine Oxidation on Antibody PK
Stracke, Ph.D., Principal Scientist, Pharmaceutical Development & Supplies, PTD Biologics Europe, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.
Preserving the chemical and structural integrity of antibodies during manufacturing and storage is a major challenge during development. Oxidation of Fc methionines is frequently observed, which leads to reduced affinity to FcRn and faster
plasma clearance if present at high levels. A novel pH-gradient FcRn affinity chromatography method was developed to isolate antibody oxidation variants from an oxidized IgG1 preparation based on their FcRn binding properties. The subsequent
physico-chemical and biological characterization of these oxidation variants demonstrated the value of the new method to study structure-function relationships.
Developability Assessment and Formulations Optimization of Biologics Using Isothermal Chemical Denaturation (ICD)
Richard K. Brown, Ph.D., Unchained
Stability optimization and aggregation minimization are two of the most important hurdles in the development of biologics. ICD provides the most accurate way of measuring protein stability under different formulation conditions. ICD experiments
performed at different protein conc. provide a quantitative assessment of protein aggregation in the native and denatured states. ICD is ideally suited to optimize the formulation of highly concentrated formulations, bispecific antibodies
and antibody drug conjugates. In this talk, the fundamentals of ICD and its application to the evaluation of protein stability and optimization of formulation conditions will be discussed.
3:00 Poster Highlight Presentation: Leveraging Automation in Development of High Concentration Protein Formulations
Aastha Puri, M.Sc., Associate Scientist II, Drug Product Science & Technology, Bristol-Myers Squibb
Formulation development of high concentration products, brings a unique set of challenges, including the potential for increased physical and chemical stability risks, as well as challenges related to handling of viscous material. This
work demonstrates the utility of new automation technologies in proficiently executing experimental workflows on a viscous high concentration protein formulation and assisting a data-driven decision making process as part of a material
sparing, multi-well screening methodology.
3:30 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
4:15 A Comparison of Biophysical Characterization Techniques in Predicting Drug Product Stability
Andrew Semple, Scientist, Sterile Product and Analytical Development, Merck & Co.
To predict stability behavior, solution-mediated interactions (Colloidal, self-association propensity) and key molecular characteristics of ten formulated protein-therapeutics were compared to their stability at accelerated (25C and 40C)
and long-term storage conditions (2-8C) as measured by size exclusion chromatography. Our results show that colloidal stability, self-association propensity, and conformational characteristics (exposed Trp) provide reasonable prediction
of accelerated stability, with limited predictive value at 2-8C stability. Other measurements (e.g., thermal unfolding temperature) did not show any correlation.
4:45 HDX-MS Sheds Mechanistic Insights on Mutation Induced Changes in Physical Stability of an IgG1 mAb Engineered For Extended Serum Half-Life
Majumdar, Ph.D., Research Scientist, Biophysical Characterization, Biopharmaceutical Research and Development, Eli Lilly and Company
A triple mutation in the CH2 domain of an IgG1 mAb intended to increase in vivo half-life resulted in decreased physical stability. Although the mutation induced minimal differences in H/D exchange kinetics at the mutation sites and the
FcRn binding epitopes, it increased the flexibility of an established aggregation hotspot in the CH2 domain. This case study reinforces our understanding of the correlations between mAb physical stability and its local flexibility.
5:15 Close of Conference
6:00-8:30 Recommended Dinner Short Course